Periodontal disease is an infection in the surrounding structure of the teeth, including the gums, alveolar bone, and periodontal ligament. Primary symptoms of periodontal disease include bad breath, swollen, receding, tender or bleeding gums. Research suggests periodontal disease not only contributes to deteriorating gum health but also poses serious risks to your overall health, the outcome of which may include:
The bacteria responsible for periodontal disease may overflow and enter the bloodstream, causing it to inflame and have a reaction. This increases the risk of blood clotting which in turn disturbs the normal flow of blood, increasing the risk of a heart attack or stroke.
Since the oral cavity is near the lungs and respiratory tract, it makes sense why there is a higher chance that bacteria from the infected and inflamed gums would be transferred to the respiratory organs and lungs via breathing, resulting in lung and respiratory tract infections.
Research suggests gum disease can negatively impact fetus growth and result in more premature births. The same bacteria that cause gum disease lead to amniotic fluid inflammation or infection, which is associated with early labor.
Although not confirmed, a number of studies show that the same conditions that lead to bone loss around the teeth in periodontal disease can also elevate the risk of a healthy person becoming prone to osteoporosis.
Periodontal disease and gum inflammation make it hard to control blood sugar level and may make your diabetic symptoms even worse. It is also speculated to contribute to type-2 Diabetes, which is characterized by insulin deficiency and insulin resistance.
To keep the possibility of developing the abovementioned health problems at bay, it is critical to maintain proper dental hygiene and get regular professional checkups and cleanings.